Tambov Oblast

   An administrative region of the Russian Federation. Tambov Oblast sits on the East European Plain, and forms part of Russia’s Central Black Earth Economic Region and the Central Federal District. The oblast covers an area of 34,300 square kilometers and has a population of 1.1 million. Tambov was politically separated from the Penza region during the late 1930s; the region also shares borders with Saratov, Voronezh, Lipetsk, and Ryazan. The administrative capital is Tambov (pop. 291,000); the city hosts an important military airfield. Michurinsk is the region’s second city. Like other regions in Russia’s European core, the economy is divided between agriculture and industry. Important crops include grain, sugar beets, sunflowers, potatoes, and livestock; beer and mineral water are also key exports. Regional industries include machine building, fertilizers, and plastics. During the 1990s, the Communist Party of the Russian Federation overtook the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia as the leading party in the regional parliament. During the 1996 presidential election, the region overwhelmingly favored the candidacy of Gennady Zyuganov over Boris Yeltsin, placing the region squarely within Russia’s Red Belt of regions. However, the party’s popularity waned by the end of the decade. Oleg Betin, a former Yeltsin advisor, has governed the region since 1999; he succeeded Aleksandr Ryabov, a staunch Communist whose economic management of the region was widely viewed as a failure. During the 1999 election, Betin found strong support from Moscow mayor Yury Luzhkov and his FatherlandAll Russia party. With the rise of Vladimir Putin, Betin placed himself in the proKremlin camp, which guaranteed reappointment after Putin’s reform of the regional gubernatorial system. As governor, Betin has sought to expand small business through a partnership with Sberbank. He has also raised the region’s international profile by expanding foreign trade with Italy, Serbia, and other European countries. In 2007, he led a campaign to clearly mark Estonian goods sold in the region as part of an effort to boycott products from the Baltic state during the crisis over the bronze soldier and the subsequent Estonian Cyberwar. In 2008, Betin drew criticism from activists across Russia for his attack on homosexuals in an interview with the newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda.
   See also Chernozem.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • Tambov Oblast — Infobox Russian federal subject EnglishName=Tambov Oblast RussianName=Тамбовская область Locator LocatorMap CoatOfArmsLink=Coat of arms of Tambov Oblast FlagLink=Flag of Tambov Oblast AnthemLink=Anthem of Tambov Oblast… …   Wikipedia

  • Mozdok, Tambov Oblast — For other places with the same name, see Mozdok. Mozdok (Russian: Моздок) is a village in Uvarovsky District of Tambov Oblast, Russia.[1] References ^ OKATO, Part 2. Section 68 244 810 (Rural localities of Berezovsky Selsoviet of Uvarovsky… …   Wikipedia

  • Lvovo, Tambov Oblast — Lvovo ( ru. Львово) is a village ( selo ) in Tokarevsky District of Tambov Oblast, Russia. [ OKATO , Part 2. Section 68 242 840 (Rural localities of Lvovsky Selsoviet of Tokarevsky District).] According to the 1816 Audit, the village belonged to… …   Wikipedia

  • Lavrovo, Tambov Oblast — Lavrovo ( ru. Лаврово) is a village ( selo ) in Mordovsky District of Tambov Oblast, Russia. [OKATOReference|68 214 830] References …   Wikipedia

  • Satino, Tambov Oblast — Satino ( ru. Сатино) is a village ( selo ) in Inzhavinsky District of Tambov Oblast, Russia. [ OKATO , Part 2. Section 68 208 840 (Rural localities of Lomovsky Selsoviet of Inzhavinsky District).] References …   Wikipedia

  • Bondari, Tambov Oblast — Bondari ( ru. Бондари) is a village ( selo ) in Bondarsky District of Tambov Oblast, Russia. [ OKATO , Part 2. Section 68 202 805 (Rural localities of Bondarsky Selsoviet of Bondarsky District).] References …   Wikipedia

  • Usovo, Tambov Oblast — Usovo ( ru. Усово) is a village in Bondarsky District of Tambov Oblast, Russia. [ OKATO , Part 2. Section 68 202 825 (Rural localities in Kurovshchinsky Selsoviet of Bondarsky District).] References …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Tambov Oblast — *Cities and towns under the oblast s jurisdiction: **Tambov (Тамбов) (administrative center) *** city districts : ****Leninsky (Ленинский) ****Oktyabrsky (Октябрьский) ****Sovetsky (Советский) **Kirsanov (Кирсанов) **Kotovsk (Котовск)… …   Wikipedia

  • Oblast de tambov — Тамбовская область (russe) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tambov — Тамбов …   Wikipédia en Français

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